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UN: Sport und Milleniumsziele

Der Sport soll einen großen Beitrag zur Umsetzung der von der UNO verabschiedeten Milleniumsziele leisten. Dies ist das Fazit des UN-Reports „Sport for Development and Peace. Towards Achieving the Millenium Development Goals“.

Millenium Entwicklungsziele:

1. Extreme Armut und Hunger beseitigen

2. Grundschulbildung für alle Kinder

3. Gleichstellung und größerer Einfluss von Frauen

4. Kindersterblichkeit senken

5. Gesundheit der Mütter verbessern

6. Aids, Malaria und andere Krankheiten bekämpfen

7. Eine nachhaltige Umwelt gewährleisten

8. Globale Partnerschaft für Entwicklung

Key considerations regarding sport and health
– The correlation between an increase in disease and a decrease in physical activity requires that sport become a priority in policies by Governments and concerned stake holders at all levels and in all sectors.
– The economic benefits of a physically active population include improved public health, re duced health-care costs and increased productivity, further highlighting the importance of sport and physicalactivity as a priority for Governments and concerned stakeholders.
– Care should be given to ensure that “sport for all” and physical activity pro grammes are appropriately designed and culturally relevant. They should also be inclusive of those groups that receive additional health benefits from physical activity while lacking equal opportunity to participate, especially women, persons with disabilities, young people and older people.
– The global “Move for Health” day/initiative should serve as a partnership-based opportunity for developing and/or strengthening global, national and local policies and programmes on physical activity within an integrated framework of non-communicable disease prevention, health and development.
Key considerations regarding sport and education
– Sport provides an ideal “school for life”, especially when activities are explicitly designed to teach key skills and values and ensure the empowerment of marginalized group s.
– Due to the negative future impact on public health and health budgets resulting from the neglect of physical education, Governments should acknowledge the importance of physical education and show their support by improving the provision of resources and staff training and allocating appropriate amounts of school time to physical education.
– To achieve broader goals in education and development, sportsprogrammes must focus on the development of the individual and not only on the development of technical sports skills.
Key considerations regarding sport and development
– In order to maximize the economic potential of sport, development strategies should take an integrated, coherent approach, with emphasis placed on the value of stimulating growth at the local level.
– Sports programmes aimed at supporting social development must be well designed, led by trained personnel, focused on the development of the individual, and inclusive of all groups regardless of age, race, gender or ability.
– Consideration must be given to the potential harm or adverse effects of sports activities on the environment. The positive environmental achievements of sports organizations and the organizers of sports events should be recognized, as this can inspire others to increase their efforts in support of a sustainable environment.
– Volunteers are a strategic resource that should be mobilized when implementing sport-fordevelopment programmes. Furthermore, sport is a key site and natural draw for volunteer involvement.
Key considerations regarding sport and peace
– Given that the skills and values taught through sport are compatible with efforts to promote peace, sports activities should be considered as a supportive element of pro g rammes in post-conflict and high-tension areas.
– It is imperative that sport-for-peace programmes emphasize the positive values and cohesive potential of sport, and are provided in safe and supportive environments that are enjoyable and pressure -free.
– Sport - related peace initiatives require responsible and well-trained leadership.
– As an international language, sport should be considered as a practical means to communicate messages of peace and help find non-violent solutions to problems.
Key considerations regarding sport and communication
– Public campaigns should have clear strategies and focused objective s, and consideration should be given to the various ways to use sport as a vehicle to send messages.
– When designing communications initiatives using sport, programme objectives, target audiences and the media to communicate must be clearly defined.
– Athletes who serve as spoke s p e rsons or ambassadors must reflect the values of the United Nations.
– Care should be taken when partnering with elite sport for communications purposes given potential conflicts of interest in getting the public and media’s attention during “noisy events” and the potential commercialism involved.
– At the local and national leve l s, sport should also be considered as a highly effective tool to support social mobilization efforts and a practical method of engaging dive rse communities in broader activities, particularly in support of large-scale immunization campaigns or other health initiatives.
Key considerations regarding sport and partnerships
– A common framework on sport for development and peace should be established at the national level that draws a broad range of actors together in order to create strategic partnerships for programme implementation and assist country-based planning.
– The world of sport presents a natural partnership for the United Nations system and should be included in the cultivation of a “global partnership for development” – the eighth MDG. Sport provides an innovative avenue to engage civil society into development initiatives.
Key considerations regarding sport and HIV/AIDS
– Sports organizations and associations should be incorporated into the global fight against HIV/AIDS and actively brought in as partners by the United Nations system.
– Sports programmes aimed at tackling HIV/AIDS must include all elements necessary for effective HIV/AIDS pro g ramming, especially the four pillars: knowledge, life skills, a safe and supportive environment and access to services.
– The full capacity of sport-for-development initiatives must be realized on both the international and local leve l s, for the purposes of raising awa reness about the disease, increasing knowledge about prevention and directly tackling stigma and discrimination in a positive, participatory manner.
– The organizers of sport-based HIV/AIDS prevention pro g rammes should be trained effectively in the issues surrounding HIV/AIDS in addition to sports coaching and how to work with young people. A generic curriculum on HIV/AIDS, for local adaptation, should be elaborated for sports coaches, trainers and others involved in sport.
Sport for Development and Peace. Towards Achieving the Millenium Development Goals. Report from the United Nations Inter-Agency Tast Force on Sport for Development and peace. United Nations, 2003

„Leibeserziehung und Sport sollen die Verständigung zwischen Völkern und Einzelpersonen fördern und zu uneigennützigem Wettstreit, Solidarität, Brüderlichkeit, gegenseitiger Achtung und Anerkennung der unantastbaren Würde aller Menschen führen.“

Internationale Charta für Leibeserziebung und Sport der UNESCO, 1978

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